Monthly Archives: June 2015

Kevin McKee And The Military Reaction Force (MRF)

By Ed Moloney and James Kinchin-White

CORRECTION – Tommy Tolan was shot dead by the Official IRA in 1977 during a feud between the Officials and the Provisional IRA, and not by undercover soldiers.

The full section of the watchkeeper’s log kept by the King’s Own Scottish Borderers (KOSB) dealing with the alleged IRA informer Kevin McKee has now become available and this, along with the memories of one of McKee’s comrades in the Ballymurphy IRA, raises an intriguing question: was the incident described in the log – the betrayal of an arms dump – the lever that began his ill-fated career in the MRF (Military Reaction Force)?

The full watchkeeper’s log entry, dated February 6th, 1972, records the following:

ARREST 22:50 Sgt McVeigh lifted two men from the street. Kevin McKee, 50 Glenalina Park (Alias Frank[?] [illegible]) and Harry Hilary Tolan, 53 Ballymurphy Road. They were both arrested. Kevin McKee gave information to search 57 Westrock Dve.

The log then goes on to list the five weapons and some 1600 rounds of assorted weaponry found at the address given by McKee.

A former IRA source who knew both McKee and Tolan, who was a younger brother of Tommy ‘Todler’ Tolan, shot dead by undercover soldiers in Ballymurphy five years later, recalls that Hilary Tolan was interned afterwards on the prison ship, The Maidstone.

Tommy 'Todler' Tolan. His brother Hilary was arrested with Kevin McKee

Tommy ‘Todler’ Tolan. His brother Hilary was arrested with Kevin McKee

But McKee avoided internment when he allegedly escaped from Springfield Road RUC station where both he and Tolan had been taken after their arrest by Sgt McVeigh.

The police station doubled as a British military HQ in West Belfast and the claim that McKee had escaped, puzzled his comrades at the time. “People were scratching their heads and asking how did he get out of there?” the source said.

Springfield Road barracks was considered near escape proof by IRA activists who had been held there at this time.

Here is a contemporary photo of Springfield Road barracks, known officially at the time of McKee’s alleged escape as KOSB TAC HQ. It is the whitened building in the centre of the picture and a glance will tell you how improbable was the idea of escape.

TAC HQ Springfield Road 1972

TAC HQ Springfield Road 1972

The KOSB’s were probably confident that the IRA would not come to that conclusion because the organisation had no coherent, systematized way of tracking down informers. Spy catching and the intensive debriefing that is an integral part of that, was left to individual company intelligence officers whose abilities and skills varied. It was not until after the mid-1970’s that the IRA created a dedicated security unit to do this job.

“There was a lot of scepticism”, recalled McKee’s contemporary, “but we were not focussed. No-one said he was a tout.”

Tolan and McKee were arrested at 22:50 and the house identified as holding an arms dump by McKee was raided by KOSB soldiers at seven minutes past midnight, just seventy-seven minutes later.

So, either McKee had broken very quickly under military interrogation (and by some accounts military custody could be a very brutal experience, while McKee was a slight figure weighing around nine stone, or 125 pounds) or the arrest was a pre-arranged ruse to enable him to pass on the intelligence about the arms dump.

Kevin McKee did he really escape from Springfield Road RUC barracks?

Kevin McKee  – did he really escape from Springfield Road RUC barracks?

As the IRA source who knew both men explained: “There were very few phones in Ballymurphy in those days, so if you were tout you just couldn’t call your handler when you needed to.”

The distinction is important. If his arrest with Tolan was a ruse then it is likely that Kevin McKee had already been recruited by the British military and this record was an account of just one of possibly many meetings with his handlers.

If, however, he broke on the night of the arrest and was recruited at that point, then this watch-keeper’s log may be a unique document, recording the moment when an IRA activist was recruited into one of the British Army’s most notorious undercover units active during the Troubles.

In February 1972, the MRF was nearly eighteen months old and judging by the enhanced role envisaged for it in major operations by military leaders such as Sir Harry Tuzo, GoC in 1972, it was well regarded by senior officers.

The MRF consisted of two sections; one, composed of regular soldiers, carried out special operations, including surveillance, and was involved in controversial drive-by shootings; the other was made up of agents, known as ‘Freds’ by their handlers, who had been recruited from paramilitary groups.

The possibility that the log records the moment McKee was recruited to the MRF is strengthened by a code, in the form of an asterisk at the top of the relevant page, denoting that the information on the page should be sent to Brigade, i.e. British Army headquarters in Belfast, where much of the MRF’s work was planned.

General Sir Frank Kitson, the MRF's mastermind

General Sir Frank Kitson, the MRF’s mastermind

The architect of the MRF, which appears to have been mostly active in Belfast, was General Frank Kitson who headed the Brigade in Belfast and, ironically, was awarded a CBE for his service in Northern Ireland a week after the watchkeeper’s log entry was made.

On the other hand the asterisk might just denote the need to inform Brigade of another success notched up to an MRF recruit.

Either way the watchkeeper’s log provides a fascinating glimpse into the early days of the intelligence war between the IRA and Britain.

Here are the two relevant pages from the KOSB watchkeeper’s log:


Boston College Case Press Statement: PSNI Send Gardai To McIntyre Home; Dublin Now Involved In Case

Today (Sunday), two detectives from An Garda Siochana visited the home in Drogheda of former Boston College researcher, Anthony McIntyre. Citing a request from the PSNI made under mutual legal assistance provisions between the UK and Ireland, the detectives put a number of questions to Mr McIntyre on behalf of the PSNI. The exchange was brief and polite and Mr McIntyre declined to answer the questions.

The Irish News & Joe Lynskey: Low Standards In Low Places

On Saturday, April 4th, 2015 The Marian Finucane Show on RTE Radio One, broadcast a near thirty minute segment devoted to interviews with relatives of four people ‘disappeared’ by either the IRA or the INLA.

The victims were Kevin McKee, Columba McVeigh, Seamus Ruddy and Joe Lynskey. Coincidentally the programme was aired just before Gerry Adams’ controversial interview on CBS Sixty Minutes, but was prompted by a renewed dig at a bog in Co Meath in the hope that this might locate the remains of three IRA victims, Kevin McKee, Seamus Wright and Joe Lynskey.

Apparently the dig has been at least partially successful. The remains of two people have been found and there is speculation that they are Kevin McKee and Seamus Wright, IRA members who were ‘disappeared’ in 1972 because of their associations with a shadowy British Army unit called the Military Reaction Force (MRF).

The Marian Finucane programme can be heard in its entirety at this link.

I am prompted only by outrage at a piece that appeared on the front page of The Irish News on Friday, to make reference to an exchange in that interview between Marian Finucane and Marie Lynskey, niece of the missing Joe Lynskey.

In that Irish News’ piece, the paper’s so-called star reporter, Allison Morris claims credit for revealing the ‘disappearance’ of Joe Lynskey, even though both she and her editor, Noel Doran, know that the real story is much more complex and that to make such a claim is both misleading and in the worst of taste.

The real story of how the world learned about the ‘disappearance’ of Joe Lynskey began when Boston College researcher, Anthony McIntyre sat down with former IRA commander Brendan Hughes and interviewed him about his life as a republican activist.

In the course of the subsequent interviews, Hughes told what he could recall about the death and disappearance of Joe Lynskey. It was one of many stories that he told.

When Hughes died and we attempted to fulfill his wish that his life story then be told to the world, it was necessary to confirm the Joe Lynskey story and to add in details that Brendan Hughes had either forgotten or did not know.

The Lynskey family also had a right to know what had happened to him. In fact we did not know what, if anything they did know about the man’s fate, but when I eventually made contact with a nephew, Tony Lynskey, it was obvious they had no clear idea of what had happened.

I was planning a trip to Belfast in the early summer of 2009 anyhow and so I arranged to meet members of the Lynskey family in an hotel in West Belfast. There I told them what I knew. They had an absolute right to know, even though I guessed that, West Belfast being West Belfast, there was little chance that my revelation would remain secret.

That is what I believe or suspect happened next. The news spread and fair play to Morris, she came across the gossip and developed it into a story. At the time she probably thought that she was the first to break the story but five years later, knowing all she and Doran must now know about the Joe Lynskey story and how it really became public, The Irish News has no right to claim that they exclusively revealed it to the world.

In her interview with Marie Lynskey, Marian Finucane dealt with how exactly the family had found out about Joe’s death and disappearance. The exchange starts at the 21:53 minute mark on the tape.

It goes thus:

Marian Finucane: How did you find out?

Marie Lynskey: Ed Moloney rang my mother’s home, my sister, and he arranged to come over from America. Well we actually thought that maybe he’s met Joe in America and Joe had died and he wanted to let us know. But then he told us he was a ‘disappeared’, which was, I suppose, naive of us not to think that he was.

Here is The Irish News front page story of today:

Behind the story: Allison Morris on how she broke the story of Joe Lynskey’s IRA execution

Behind the story: Allison Morris on how she broke the story of Joe Lynskey's IRA execution
A dig of bogland in Co Meath has led to the discovery of human remains believed to be Joe Lynskey
Allison Morris
25 June, 2015 16:40

On December 7 2009 the Irish News carried a front page exclusive story revealing that west Belfast man Joe Lynskey had been murdered and secretly buried by the IRA.

The article was the culmination of a lengthy investigation by myself. Tracking down information on the former IRA intelligence officer was difficult, but eventually former republicans who had observed the law of Omerta for almost 40 years began to reveal details of the events surrounding his disappearance in 1972.

The controversial circumstances surrounding his murder and clandestine burial were initially only known to a few members of the IRA.

A Monaghan man who was a member of a small IRA unit guarding Mr Lynskey in the days leading up to his death later contacted me to give further details about the murder.

He claimed Mr Lynskey was held in an IRA safe-house between Castleblayney and Carrickmacross, Co Monaghan, some time in August 1972. The victim was in the house for more than a week waiting for senior IRA members to arrive from north of the border to carry out an internal “court martial” which sealed his fate.

Old Bailey bomber Dolours Price also contacted the Irish News to reveal she had collected Mr Lynskey from a house in west Belfast and drove him to Monaghan. She told me he was not forced at gunpoint but went of his own free will.

She begged him to let her take him to the port to get a boat to England but she said he insisted she carry out her orders.

Joe Lynskey was the first person to be ‘disappeared’ by the IRA, he had previously studied at Bethlehem Abbey in Portglenone, Co Antrim, in the early 1950s training to be a Cistercian monk

Following the publication of the Irish News article the IRA was forced to issue a statement admitting their role in killing the west Belfast man.

Mr Lynskey fate was sealed after he had a relationship with the wife of another IRA man and, acting without the sanction of the organisation he ordered his love rival be shot.

The man survived the gun attack but confusion around who ordered the shooting lead to raised tensions between the then fledging Provisional and the Official IRA who it was initially thought carried out the murder attempt.

In February 2010 the Independent Commission for the Location for Victims Remains (ICLVR) added him to the list of people they were looking for. Former IRA members cooperated with the commission giving details of a site in Coghalstown, County Meath where he had been secretly buried.

A niece, Marie Lynskey, bravely came forward and made repeated appeals for information about her uncle to help find his remains and finally give the deeply religious former monk a dignified Christian burial.

Remains have now been found and while the state pathologist will begin the process of postmortem and of formal identification it is widely believed that almost 43 years after his disappearance they are the remains of Joe Lynskey.


Does British Army Document Confirm Kevin McKee’s Role As IRA Informer?


By Ed Moloney and James Kinchin-White

The document below is an extract from a British Army ‘watch-keeper’s log’ which appears to show that Kevin McKee, killed and disappeared as a British spy in 1972, and whose body may have just been found in a bog in Co Meath, betrayed a significant IRA arms dump containing five weapons and some 1600 rounds of ammunition.

A ‘watch-keeper’s log’ was a record of all incidents, searches, arrests, lifts, finds or contacts reported by military patrols during a tour of duty. Such logs were kept at each level of the British Army from company level, which this extract appears to be, to Battalion level, Brigade and HQNI, i.e. at Thiepval Barracks in Lisburn.

Kevin McKee - did he tell British Army to raid arms dump in Ballymurphy?

Kevin McKee – did he tell British Army to raid arms dump in Ballymurphy?

This post will be updated later with more complete details, including dates (although this event appears to have happened on February 7th and my recollection is that the year was 1972), but from memory this was a ‘watch-keeper’s log’ kept by a company of the Kings Own Scottish Borderers, then stationed in Ballymurphy

The relevant extract reads: “Kevin McKee gave info to search 57 Westrock Drive.” The log then goes on to say that a search was made at seven minutes past midnight and then lists the weapons and ammunition discovered.

It is important to retain a degree of caution about the identity of the informer. There may have been more than one Kevin McKee acting as an informer at this time but as it stands, the document appears to suggest that the IRA may not have been wrong in accusing him of being a spy.

Here is the extract. Click to expand.



We can now confirm that this ‘watchkeeper’s log’ was kept by ‘C’ Coy, 1st Btn, Kings Own Scottish Borderers (KOSB) which served in Ballymurphy between 28 December 1971 to April 24, 1972. The asterisk at the top of the page (see below) indicates that everything on that page should be sent to Brigade, i.e. 39 Brigade which included Belfast-based military units. This may have been because McKee was a member of the MRF (Military Reaction Force) and anything concerning that unit would have been of interest to the Brigade staff. CS 37 (call sign 37) is the codename for the officer who led the raid.

Inside Cover Page

The cover page of the watchkeeper’s log with instruction to send pages marked with an asterisk to NIREP 1, i.e. report to 39 Brigade

Have The Remains Of Seamus Wright And Kevin McKee Been Found In Co. Meath Bog?

….and if the search of the bogland at Coghalstown, Co Meath also locates the remains of Joe Lynskey, the former Belfast Brigade Intelligence Officer, will that mean that the first four of the IRA’s ‘disappeared’ will have finally been located?

The four unfortunates, who include Jean McConville, were ‘disappeared’ in 1972 as a result of a new policy introduced shortly after the release from internment in Long Kesh of Gerry Adams, who around the same time as the ‘disappearance’ of Joe Lynskey, became Belfast Brigade commander.

The ‘disappearances’ were facilitated by a new unit, whose creation also followed on the heels of Adams’ release from Long Kesh, that became known, almost ironically, as ‘The Unknowns’. This unit was answerable ultimately to the Brigade Commander, Gerry Adams although on a day-to-day basis it was commanded by the then Brigade intelligence chief, the late Pat McClure.

Gerry and Brendan, in happier days

Gerry and Brendan, in happier days

The saga of the ‘disappeared’ has haunted Adams ever since his once close friend and IRA comrade, Brendan Hughes, disclosed in interviews with researchers from Boston College that Adams gave the order to ‘disappear’ Jean McConville and that ‘The Unknowns’ were his creation and creature.

Hughes was also closely involved in the events that led to the deaths and disappearances of Wright and McKee, both members of  the IRA’s elite Second Belfast Battalion, once commanded by Gerry Adams. Wright was in ‘D’ Coy and McKee in ‘B’ Coy.

They confessed to Hughes that they had become involved with a shadowy British Army unit known as the Military Reaction Force or MRF, a creation of Brigadier Frank Kitson.

The pair, whose family connections reached deep into Provo Belfast, were guaranteed safety by Hughes if they made a clean breast of their activity with the British. When they were taken down to Co. Monaghan they thought, thanks to this assurance, that they were going on a break and were relaxed and happy.

But they were lied to, not by Hughes, who later learned the truth and felt betrayed. In fact Wright & McKee, got on so well with their new captors and were such good company, that the IRA in Co Monaghan refused to kill them and a gunman was dispatched from Belfast to end their lives.

Lynskey was a former Cistercian monk who fell in love with the wife of a fellow IRA Volunteer. In those far-off days, divorce was not an option in Catholic West Belfast so Lynskey and his lover concocted a plot to brand his lover’s husband as an informer. A gunman was sent to kill him, but when the target answered the door he had a baby in his arms; the gunman aimed low, failed to kill and fled.

The wounded IRA Volunteer made his way down to the lower Falls and claimed he thought his assailant was a member of the Official IRA. The Provos, led by Brendan Hughes, raided a local Official drinking club to capture hostages to hold for the surrender of the gunman but in the confusion shots were fired and an Official was fatally wounded.

Lynskey’s plot soon collapsed and the truth quickly emerged. His fate was sealed and he was escorted across the Border to a death that he apparently welcomed.

Lynskey’s death was the result of his own immaturity, a rigid Catholicism of those days in places like West Belfast that made divorce an impossibility, the fear of IRA leaders that loose morals of the sort that had been unleashed by internment could undermine discipline and encourage subversion and an unwillingness by the same leaders to tell the truth for fear that this could hand their enemies, British & domestic, a propaganda coup.

The latter fear, that the truth could cause damage, was a common factor in all four disappearances carried out by the Unknowns. In Joe Lynskey’s case it was that the IRA was not invulnerable to sexual urges; in the case of Wright & McKee it was that British military intelligence had penetrated the IRA’s crack Second Batt, and in Jean McConville’s case it was an unwillingness to admit that the IRA had killed a widowed mother-of-ten.

It says a lot about the IRA of those as well as these times that when the organisation agreed finally to come clean about the ‘disappeared’, the one victim whose name was omitted from the list submitted to the British and Irish governments, a list compiled at the urging of the US government, was that of Joe Lynskey. It was okay, apparently, to admit the ‘disappearing’ of Jean McConville, Seamus Wright and Kevin McKee but not Joe Lynskey.

And but for Brendan Hughes’ refreshing and honest candour it is very possible we would never have learned of that sad man’s sad end.

East Cork Sinn Fein TD Baulked At ‘Average Industrial Wage’ Imposed By Leadership

I wonder if this article in The Daily Mail of June 2012 is one of the unspoken factors in the row that has erupted in the Sinn Fein organisation in East Cork, where one activist has been expelled and another suspended for a year? Hat-tip to SB for this.

‘Sinn Féin barely leave me enough wages for make-up’: TD Sandra McLellan says her party’s pay policy could deter candidates

PUBLISHED: 18:39 EST, 9 June 2012 | UPDATED: 18:40 EST, 9 June 2012

Sinn Féin TD Sandra McLellan has questioned the party’s policy of only paying its TDs €34,000 a year while taking the rest of their salary for the party’s use.

In an exclusive interview, Mrs McLellan warns that the policy could prevent well-paid professionals from standing for election.

And the TD for Cork East adds that she struggles to afford make-up and hairdos – which she believes are important for a woman in politics.

‘I’m finding it tough,’ she admitted.

Money: Sandra McLellan says the pay policy will limit SF’s gene pool

Her comments come amid reports from senior party sources that there are growing rumblings within Sinn Féin about the policy, under which most of a TD’s €92,672 salary is taken by the party.

Each TD is left with €34,000 a year, the average industrial wage.

However, some TDs have complained that certain SF stalwarts are supported by the party in other ways, and never appear to have to put their hands in their pockets to cover the incidental expenses connected with being a politician.

She has found that the move from Cork County Council to the Dáil (to which she was elected in 2011) is taking more money out of her pocket.

 Sinn Fein TD for East Cork, Sandra McLellan at Leinster house on Kildare Street, Dublin.

Sinn Fein TD for East Cork, Sandra McLellan at Leinster house on Kildare Street, Dublin.

‘As a woman… I know appearances are important when you’re sitting in the Dáil,’ she said.

‘You know you have to maybe get your hair done a bit more often, maybe put a bit more into make-up and a bit more into clothing than you would normally put. From that side of it, it can be expensive.

‘People might say “Oh God, they’re worried about the hair, they’re worried about the make-up,” but you are representing a party. And when you are representing a party you want to look well.’

The Irish Mail on Sunday asked Mrs McLellan if she was finding it difficult to survive the recession.

‘I manage away. It’s the average industrial wage. I knew that that’s what I was going to be getting before I took up the position,’ she said. ‘And I suppose that’s my wages and that’s it. I’m finding it tough the same as everybody else is, but I’m not any worse off than I was before I became a politician.’

Mrs McLellan, from Youghal, is a married mother of three children. She has a mortgage, a daughter in university and her husband has also been made redundant.

She was elected to Youghal Town Council in 2004 and became the first Sinn Fein Mayor of Youghal in 2009. In the same year, she was elected to Cork County Council.

‘My youngest is 14, but I have one in university and a son who is working,’ she said. ‘It’s a little more difficult, but the same as everybody else. I mean, we’re in a recession, we all have to tighten our belts. And we have to lead by example as well.’

Mrs McLellan has not yet spoken to party chiefs about revising the policy, but says she intends to do so before the next election.

‘No, I haven’t. Absolutely, seriously, never, it hasn’t come up. I don’t know, maybe if others are finding it difficult it may be something that could be looked at in the future.

‘It just hasn’t arisen at any party meetings. You might think I’m lying to you, maybe I’m newer on the block, but it’s not something that I raised.’

Mrs McLellan believes the party’s senior TDs Gerry Adams, Martin Ferris and Mary Lou McDonald might listen to her plea if they looked at the electoral ramifications of the average industrial wage policy.

‘It might limit attracting a person who is highly paid to run as a politician for a party if they have commitments and if they don’t want to give up their well-paid job. It might limit your gene pool. That’s something that I have thought about,’ she said.

‘I know if I was a very well paid professional I wouldn’t be in a position to say “I want to throw my hat at that, I’m going to live on the average industrial wage and the rest of the family have to live on it as well.”’

However, the TD doesn’t want to sound as if she is moaning.

‘While things are tight, and people think I have lots of money (and I don’t), you manage. I knew what I was getting into and I got into it.’

Ms McLellan also says that she often has to turn down needy causes through a lack of funds.

‘We do get the same requests for donations to sporting organisation and charities that other politicians get,’ she said. ‘I know in the overall scheme of things people probably don’t want to hear that side of it, but it is real as well.’

‘I get to take my expenses out of the expenses’
Sandra McLellan gives a detailed account of what Sinn Féin does with the money it takes from its TDs’ salaries.

She also explains that she does not even get access to all her monthly expenses – the party also takes a portion of the €4,982 a month she is reimbursed for expenses claims. The money goes towards paying party staff, something other parties in the Dáil don’t believe is fair.

A TD is paid €92,672 a year but a Sinn Féin TD is only allowed to take home €34,000 – the average industrial wage – and the rest goes to party coffers.

‘You obviously allow for your expenses. I don’t have to pay for my hotel out of that, and I don’t have to pay for my diesel out of that,’ she said.

‘I get all that. What I normally do is keep my receipts and I have a card that I pay my hotel out of,’ said the Cork East TD.

‘Or if I have to get a train I have my card or I keep receipts for diesel and I tot it up and I’ll reimburse myself for that.

‘I’m not out of pocket for any of that.’

‘The rest of the money goes into paying staff within the party,’ she said.

Miss McLellan is paid a fixed allowance for accommodation and travel to and from Cork, and vouched expenses as well. This has totalled €4,982 per month this year.

But for the first time she reveals that Sinn Féin also takes a portion of their TDs’ expenses claim payments too.

‘I take my average industrial wage out of the Dáil salary but you get your wages paid in and you get your expenses paid on a monthly basis. I take my salary and then out of that [total] I take my expenses out as well.

‘So it’s not €34,000 to pay your hotel and your diesel and your train. We’re allowed our overnights and what have you.’

But the expenses are also rifled by the party.

‘I don’t get to keep all the expenses either, but I get to take my expenses out of the expenses, if that makes sense.’

It was put to Deputy McLellan that she must also have to buy sandwiches for constituents out of her own money.

‘Generally speaking for people I had up to the Dáil I actually paid out of my own pocket, out of my actual wages, because it wasn’t a lot of money at the time each few people that I had up. I just went to the counter and paid it out of my purse.’

She is considering raising the issue at a meeting with party chiefs.

‘It isn’t something that has come up for discussion at any party meeting that I’ve been at. Look, it might be something that might come up in the future when people think about the next election,’ she said.

‘An Rebel Og’ – The East Cork Sinn Fein Blog Behind Party Row?

Is Sinn Fein finally morphing into a ‘normal’ political party, where internal disputes burst out into the open amid competing ambitions and egos, or is the ruckus in East Cork Sinn Fein just another symptom of the top-down, control freakery that has long characterised a party that was always run more like a secret army?

Readers can judge from themselves. By all accounts the An Rebel Og blogsite stands as the manifesto of the East Cork malcontents and some of the things they say about the leadership are not kind at all. Click on the link and have a read for yourself.

‘An Phobcrapt’ – A Further Thought On Who Wrote It

A further thought or two on the MI5/UDA spoof paper An Phobracpt, these derived from a more forensic examination of the writing style that can be found in the British black propaganda exercise, compared to what was usually on offer from the UDA’s editorial offices.

The first excerpt (see below) is taken from what is believed to be the inaugural edition of An Phobcrapt which appeared around December 1988. The second comes from an editorial that appeared in the UDA magazine, Ulster about a year earlier. Both publications were ostensibly edited by Sammy Duddy, a well known UDA activist and the organisation’s former intelligence officer. He was also believed by some UDA colleagues to be working secretly for the British, presumably MI5.

The second excerpt, from Ulster magazine, contains spelling mistakes and, while not wishing to disparage or belittle the late Sammy Duddy’s writing skills, is not the most elegant piece of prose to grace the English language. Also, notice how, like all Loyalists, Duddy simply refers to the Provos as ‘the IRA’ while An Phobcrapt employs security-speak: ‘PIRA/Sinn Fein’.

Not only that but the An Phobcrapt extract has no less than two references to Marxism or Communism in some 120 words – and Communism was, next to the IRA, MI5‘s big bugaboo. By contrast, as anyone who has had dealings with them can testify, the UDA rarely if ever mentioned the Provos and Marxism in the same sentence. Republicanism or anti-Protestantism, yes, but Communism, no.

It is though the writing style of the An Phobcrapt extract that is perhaps the real give-away. I mean read this sentence from the black propaganda excerpt and ask yourself if Sammy Duddy or any other UDA man you have crossed paths with would pen language like this: “….fictitious, verbose diatribes, ranting editorials, distinguished distortions of the truth, and marvelously malevolent hypocrisy….”, or, “We are proud to be able to inform our readers that the same perverted mixture will continue to be on sale….”

No, my money says that this part of An Phobcrapt at least was composed by some ex-public school, Boris Johnson clone sitting up in that building next to Stormont House and having great fun with his mates enjoying this latest jape. If so, then this would mean that not only did MI5 supply information for An Phobcrapt, but they helped write it.

Here are the two extracts, first from An Phobcrapt:

AP/RN is proud to announce its acceptance of the distinguished Libyan award for inventive and imaginative Marxist journalism. The Semtex Trophy will be presented by Colonel ‘Mad’ Ghaddaffi in Tripoli to our editor Rita O’Haywire, on January 13. The citation states that AP/RN has ‘upheld throughout the past year the high standards of Communist press-reporting with fictitious verbose diatribes, ranting editorials, distinguished distortions of the truth, and marvelously malevolent hypocrisy over the heroic murders by brave PIRA/Sinn Fein of Loyalists, civilians, little old ladies and other enemies of the Libyan-Irish peoples’. We are proud to be able to inform our readers that the same perverted mixture will continue to be on sale every week (except July 12) in 1989.

The Ulster editorial:

Many people sincerely hope that the Enniskillen massacre will be a turning point in the Ulster ‘troubles’, and if hoping were enough it would be – but the reality of the suggestion suggests that it will not. It will fail to be a turning-point because O’ Faich (sic) and Hume (et al) refuse to cease peddling Nationalism the intellectual ‘heroin’ which has always doped the IRA into its murderous acts. Even the recent statement from the Heirachy (sic) – that it was sinful to join or support the IRA – was not only twenty years later it was merely another head of the nationalist hydra.

The Wonderful World Of Barra McGrory’s Public Prosecution Service

Following Barra McGrory’s grilling by the Stormont Justice Committee following publication of the NI Attorney-General’s report on his PPS’ handling of the Liam Adam’s prosecution, Peter Sefton asks some pertinent follow-up’s:


Aside from the considerable interest the press and public would have taken had Barra appeared as a witness for the defence or the prosecution  [see Larkin para 4.49-4.51] in the trial of Liam Adams, a number of other points arise from the Starmer and Larkin reports.

1. Why was Gerry Adams, Barra’s former client, not called in the second trial? The answer to the justice committee from the Deputy director was “technical reasons” [ a well known legal term] and the volume of potential disclosure. One wonders if this disclosure related to Gerry’s terrorist activities and/or his usefulness to the state. It may well be another example of where intelligence held by the state intrudes into the administration of justice.

2. Whilst taking responsibility for the AA/BB/Cahill shambles Barra blamed the two prosecuting barristers. Asked by the justice committee about his civil servants , his response was that of the…

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‘An Phobcrapt’ – The MI5/UDA Black Propaganda Sheet

In his often revealing, but just as frequently opaque report on the killing of Belfast lawyer, Pat Finucane, Sir Desmond de Silva devoted an entire chapter to what he called ‘Security Service Propaganda Initiatives’ in Northern Ireland.

Translated into ordinary language that reads: ‘MI5 Black Propaganda’. He drafted this chapter because Pat Finucane was a target of this black propaganda as were two other prominent Belfast solicitors, Oliver Kelly and PJ ‘Paddy’ McGrory.

Oliver Kelly, one of three lawyers targeted by UDA

Oliver Kelly, one of three lawyers targeted by UDA

All three lawyers have since passed away but they shared two other characteristics: they specialised in defending IRA and other republican clients and were well known for doing so, and at one time or another they were all targeted for death by the UDA.

Paddy McGrory. Also targeted by UDA and smeared in MI5 black propaganda sheet

Paddy McGrory. Also targeted by UDA and smeared in MI5 black propaganda sheet

Unfortunately, and frustratingly, de Silva does not spell out the exact nature of these ‘propaganda initiatives’ developed by MI5 but enough leaks have happened for us to identify at least one of them.

This was an eight-page take off of the weekly Sinn Fein-IRA paper, An Phoblacht-Republican News which the UDA dubbed ‘An Phobcrapt-Murderers News‘. It started to appear about Christmas time 1988 and was published on an erratic basis until after Pat Finucane’s assassination, i.e. for about a year or so.

At least that is what we think. The Linenhall Library’s Political Collection has archived the only available issues and there are about three that the library has been able to trace. Thanks to Alistair Graham at the Collection for digging them out.

We do know who the editor was, however. Sammy Duddy, a well known UDA figure originally from North Belfast, was given the job of putting ‘An Phobcrapt’ together and he combined that task with editing the UDA’s regular magazine ‘Ulster’.

Sammy Duddy - former UDA intelligence officer and editor of 'An Phobcrapt'

Sammy Duddy – former UDA intelligence officer and editor of ‘An Phobcrapt’

Duddy was an interesting and possibly obvious choice as editor of ‘An Phobcrapt’. His last job for the UDA was as its chief intelligence officer until he was replaced by Brian Nelson who was a double agent working for the British Army’s Force Research Unit, an outfit whose role in the killing of Pat Finucane (not to mention the handling of Freddie Scappaticci) is a matter of such controversy.

Brian Nelson/ Succeeded Sammy Duddy as UDA intelligence chief. Duddy became editor of MI5's 'An Phobcrapt'

Brian Nelson. Succeeded Sammy Duddy as UDA intelligence chief. Duddy became editor of MI5’s ‘An Phobcrapt’

In an hour-long tape-recording passed on to this writer, Tommy Lyttle, the UDA’s West Belfast Brigadier and briefly Andy Tyrie’s successor as overall head of the UDA, said he believed Duddy was an informer. Duddy died in October, 2007. Tommy Lyttle died in 1995 from a massive heart attack, not from the assassin’s bullet that he feared.

UDA chief, Tommy  Lyttle. Identified Sammy Duddy as a British agent

UDA chief, Tommy Lyttle. Identified Sammy Duddy as a British agent

Tommy Lyttle appears to have been on the button. ‘An Phobcrapt’ was, according to sources I have spoken to, an MI5 operation whose purpose, inter alia, was, according to de Silva, to disrupt and unnerve IRA activists by passing their details on to the UDA for publication and to assist in the recruitment as agents, IRA members who had been resistant to MI5’s approaches:

….propaganda against specific PIRA figures was a tactic that could be used against individuals who were either assessed to be unrecruitable as agents or who had been approached and had refused to become agents.

Sir Desmond de Silva

Sir Desmond de Silva

De Silva claims that, of course, there never was an intention on the part of MI5 to pass on intelligence to the UDA that could be used to attack or kill republican targets but such a claim defies common sense. Once you give a Loyalist paramilitary group details about an IRA suspect, you must expect that they will then try to kill that person. It is what they do.

Indeed one of the issues of ‘An Phobcrapt’ carried the photo of Pat Finucane leaving court with a client, the late Pat McGeown, which Brian Nelson then passed on to his killers so they could identify the person they wanted to assassinate, i.e. Pat Finucane.

Pat Finucane

Pat Finucane

So in that episode almost the full gamut of collusion is evident. MI5 give their agent Sammy Duddy a photo of Pat Finucane – called ‘Pat O’Cocaine’ in ‘An Phobcrapt’ – to publish in his black propaganda sheet and the photo is passed on to the lawyer’s killers by a man working for British military intelligence. The circle is complete.

(‘An Phobcrapt’ is peppered with other photos of republican activists, details of their lives are given and, in the case of lawyers who MI5 would have known were on the UDA’s hitlist, their home addresses are published for all of Loyalism to see. In the case of Pat Finucane, he was, of course, shot dead in his home. How could de Silva absolve MI5 of any responsibilty for his killing in the light of this?)

The rest of this blog post is devoted to reproducing the available issues of ‘An Phobcrapt’ so readers can see for themselves what MI5 and the UDA were up to. The sections are divided into Pre-Pat Finucane Killing and Post-Pat Finucane Killing. Following that are the relevant extracts from the de Silva report with explanatory notes by myself prepared for RTE.

Pre-Killing (click to enlarge):


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De Silva on MI5, UDA and ‘An Phobcrapt’ initiative. De Silva’s comments are highlighted in yellow. All else are my notes: